Some people believe that guinea fowl were raised as far back as ancient Greek times! A male and female guinea fowl are normally monogamous—which means that they pair with each other for life and mate with no other individuals. Courtship and Reproduction As members of the Numida family, guinea fowl are more closely related to birds like pheasants, turkeys, and other game fowl species than they are to chickens.. Steve Madge, Phil McGowan, Guy M. Kirwan. Wild guinea fowl were probably hunted by early tribes of people in Africa. The Spanish brought guinea fowl to the Americas in the early 1500’s, soon after the arrival of Christopher Columbus. A male may also hump his back when he has an unfriendly meeting with another male. Behavior It takes guineas about 26-28 days to hatch a full clutch. and eggs—just like chickens. completely black, except for its naked head. Grass and bush fires are a constant threat to these galliformes and flight is the most effective escape. In the wild, they usually roost (rest and sleep) in trees at night. After a few weeks in the nursery, they are released into the main flock. When a male is courting a female, his body takes on a “hump-backed” posture as he struts in front of her. Sometimes more than one cock will help raise the young. Food Some species of guineafowl, like the vulturine, may go without drinking water for extended periods, instead sourcing their moisture from their food. Guinea hens weigh more than guinea cocks, possibly because of the larger reproductive organs in the female compared to the male guinea fowl. Guineafowl (/ ˈ ɡ ɪ n i f aʊ l /; sometimes called "pet speckled hens" or "original fowl") are birds of the family Numididae in the order Galliformes.They are endemic to Africa and rank among the oldest of the gallinaceous birds. Guinea fowl eggs are a little bit smaller than that of chicken eggs, brownish with harder shells and freckled surfaces but the taste is way more enriched to that of a chicken’s egg. CTA, 1999. This is a large family of birds that also includes Martínez, I. They typically weigh between 1.5 and 3.5 pounds. The species for which information is known are normally monogamous, mating for life, or are serially monogamous; however, occasional exceptions have been recorded for helmeted and Kenya crested guineafowl, which have been reported to be polygamous in captivity. They are naturally monogamous birds that prefer to breed for life. Article Written By: Alfred J. Smuskiewicz, MAIN SOURCES USED IN RESEARCH: Guinea Fowl History Princeton University Press, 2002. I don’t know how many times I read that guinea fowl make great alarm systems. Egg production 2. is in much of Africa. western Africa. Generally, however, guinea fowl have plump roundish bodies that range in Guinea Fowl Are Loud. The Guineas are also sometime called as guineas, pintades or gleanies.They were actually wild birds and the modern birds are the domesticated form of the helmeted Guinea Fowl. 9. Raising Keets Guineafowl travel behind herd animals and beneath monkey troops where they forage within manure and on items that have fallen to the understory from the canopy. is the main species from which domesticated guinea fowl are descended. The young birds are then usually moved into a safe nursery area, where they are introduced to the older birds of the flock while protected behind a wire divider. A Guinea Fowl is known for its monogamous nature, they mate with a partner for life. They are monogamous birds and couples stick together for a lifetime. They are also seasonal layers., All images and content © 2010 Big Run Wolf Ranch. classified in the family Phasianidae. [9], Guineafowl meat is drier and leaner than chicken meat and has a gamey flavour. The natural habitat Guineafowl species are found across sub-Saharan Africa, some almost in the entire range, others more localized, such as the plumed guineafowl in west-central Africa and the vulturine guineafowl in north-east Africa. Guinea fowl are fast-paced, flighty birds. Wild guineafowl are strong flyers. Guinea Fowls Are Monogamous. They are native to Africa and the most common of the Guinea fowl, the “helmeted Guinea fowl” have been introduced in many other countries around the world including the US. Steve Madge, Phil McGowan, Guy M. Kirwan. Let me say that again. Guinea fowl make up a group of plump wild and domesticated birds. Some clutches may contain as many as 30 eggs. [11], USDA handbook #8 and circular #549, leclercq 1985, "Penny the Silkie Bantam with her two foster Guinea Fowls", "Guinea Hen: All You Need To Know (Complete Care Guide)", "How many roosters can I have?from My Pet Chicken", "Guinea Fowl: Your Overlooked Backyard Buddy - Modern Farmer",, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from November 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It has mostly black feathers, except for a bright white breast. As many as 2,000 of these birds may be seen roosting together in a single large tree. They Hide Their Eggs Well. If you find it, … These birds are monogamous, and provided with the proper male-female ratios, will stick to one partner for their entire lives. While modern guineafowl species are endemic to Africa, the helmeted guineafowl has been introduced as a domesticated bird widely elsewhere.[1]. An important side note to sexing Guinea fowl is the fact that they are monogamous creatures that prefer to breed for life. The males fight aggressively to impress guinea fowl females during this time. Believed to have originated around 500 BC, these creatures were brought back to the Romans from the native region of … [7] Unlike chickens (which generally do best with one rooster for a flock of hens[8]), guinea fowl do well with one cock for each hen. Archaeologists have uncovered engravings and small statues of guinea fowl dating back to ancient Egypt, more than 4,000 years ago. The bodies of guinea fowl are covered in gray feathers with tiny white spots, but their heads are small and featherless. Eggs Laying and Mothering Ability .