KS2 Science learning resources for adults, children, parents and teachers organised by topic. The relationship between the three is cyclical. As a result, Katarina's ongoing fitness can be tracked and action can be taken exactly when and where it is needed most. Read about our approach to external linking. Examples: A weightlifter performing a clean and jerk; putting the shot; a boxer punching a right hook; a rugby player in a scrum, pushing against the opposition pack. All the fitness tests provide data which can be compared to normative scores. When the runner can no longer keep up with the beeps, they stop and their final level is recorded and compared with the published tables. These normative scores are indicators of how the participant has performed in comparison to the general population. Learn about and revise health, fitness and exercise in sporting and life performance with this BBC Bitesize GCSE PE (OCR) study guide Sign in, choose your GCSE subjects and see content that's tailored for you. An athlete such as Katarina Johnson-Thompson will only be interested in how her fitness data compares to other athletes and specifically to her own previous fitness test performances. Examples: Flexibility is important in sports such as dance and gymnastics as it allows participants to perform complex moves efficiently and improves the aesthetic quality of the performance. The components of fitness – definitions, examples and tests, Test 1: National Coaching Foundation abdominal curl test, The Illinois agility test comprises a weaving running course, marked by cones, which has to be completed in the shortest possible time. Read about our approach to external linking. As a result, Katarina's ongoing fitness can be tracked and action can be taken exactly when and where it is needed most. KS3 French learning resources for adults, children, parents and teachers organised by topic. Examples: Speed is important in sprinting, speed skating, sprint cycling and sports such as tennis when a player has to move forward quickly from the baseline to reach a drop shot close to the net. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. The score is then compared with the published tables. It is the ability to move the joints through their full range of motion. As many correct abdominal curls (sit-ups) as possible are performed in 30 seconds. The course is completed in the shortest possible time; the starting position is lying face down. This test measures the muscular endurance of the abdominal muscles. Each minute, the time between the beeps gets shorter, so running speed has to increase. However, highly trained athletes may find that normative comparisons are no longer relevant to their own progress. The score is recorded and compared with previous scores or other scores on the internet. Use BBC Bitesize to help with your homework, revision and learning. Key Stage 3 is the first three years of secondary school education in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, for pupils aged 11 to 14. Run as fast as possible for 30 m from a standing or rolling start. The position reached by the fingertips is measured – before the toes will give a minus score; past the toes will give a plus score. This gives a reading for the strength of hand grip. Health, fitness and exercise are essential to the sporting and life performance of humans. Fitness tests are only relevant when the scores are compared to normative data. However, highly trained athletes may find that normative comparisons are no longer relevant to their own progress. Definition: The ability to change the direction or position of the body at speed. It can be attempted using free weights or multigym equipment and should be worked up to gradually, with rests between lifts. An athlete such as Katarina Johnson-Thompson will only be interested in how her fitness data compares to other athletes and specifically to her own previous fitness test performances. The total distance run or walk round a marked area in 12 minutes is recorded and compared with the published tables. Basketball players, gymnasts, skiers, table tennis players and hockey players all need agility. This test assesses the flexibility of the hamstrings and lower back. The handle is squeezed as hard as possible with one hand. Good flexibility also helps to prevent injury. Fitness tests are only relevant when the scores are compared to normative data. KS2 Modern Foreign Languages learning resources for adults, children, parents and teachers organised by topic. Time is recorded and compared with previous times or other times on the internet. Definition: The ability to use voluntary (skeletal) muscles repeatedly without tiring. The score is recorded and compared with the published tables. This is the heaviest weight that can be lifted once. Definition: The ability of a muscle to apply force and overcome resistance or the amount of force a muscle can exert. Examples: Most sports, except static ones, require agility. The time is recorded and compared with the published tables. Our tips from experts and exam survivors will help you through. Definition: The range of movement (ROM) at a joint. Modern languages refer to those used in the world today. Rugby players need agility to side-step when they are running with the ball; netballers need agility to dodge into space for a pass or stick with the player they are marking. These normative scores are indicators of how the participant has performed in comparison to the general population. 20 m shuttles are run in time with the pre-set beeps. Our heart and lungs are able to cope with activity for relatively long periods of time without getting tired. Examples: Cardiovascular endurance is particularly important in distance running, triathlon, playing a whole football or netball match without tiring. . Sitting down with straight legs and feet flat against the box, the participant slowly reaches forward as far as possible and holds the furthest position for 3 seconds. Home Economics: Food and Nutrition (CCEA). As many press-ups as possible are performed in 30 seconds or one minute. Find free videos, step-by-step guides, activities and quizzes by level and subject. This test measures the muscular endurance of the chest and shoulder muscles.