Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham, commander of the British Mediterranean Fleet, served as naval commander for Operation Torch.The fleet included the armoured fleet carriers HMS Victorious and HMS Formidable (carrying Supermarine Seafires), and the older carrier HMS Furious (also carrying the Seafire).. The strategic significance and success of Operation TORCH are no less important when placed in its political context. Planning sessions were already underway when the CCS formally confirmed him as Commander in Chief, Allied Expeditionary Force, on 13 August 1942. Warfare History Network History, Africa Operation Torch—The Allied invasion of North Africa—presented a complex array of political and military challenges. However, the chaotic French political situation and the prompt German reaction in Tunisia combined to … From Washington to Lincoln and beyond, presidents called on the nation to give thanks in messages that reflect the challenges of each era. Operation Torch (8 November 1942 – 13 May 1943) was an Allied invasion of French North Africa during the Second World War. 6 Alongside his staff in London, Eisenhower now faced the difficult challenge of reconciling the Allies’ conflicting objectives. ... American troops were fighting in Operation Torch… “We took a memorable event for the division, 1st AD’s participation in Operation Torch, and we made it into an event for the week,” said Henry. However the In geographical terms, Op-eration Torch stretched from southern Mo-rocco to the center of Algeria. Operation Torch: Allied Invasion of North Africa. See more ideas about North africa, North african campaign, World war. … On November 8, 1942, the military forces of the United States and the United Kingdom launched an amphibious operation against French North Africa, in particular the French-held territories of Algeria and Morocco. Domestic politics continue to contribute to decisions about military strategy three-quarters of a century after Roosevelt issued his orders. Torch Week is named for 1st AD’s participation in Operation Torch, a World War II campaign focused on the invasion of North Africa in 1942. This article fo-cuses on the Army-Navy team that assaulted French Morocco. command the operation. The new US 12th Air Force, under General Doolittle, was created for the campaign in North … Other articles where Operation Torch is discussed: North Africa campaigns: Operation Torch: The Anglo-U.S. invasion of northwest Africa had its origins at the Arcadia Conference in Washington, D.C., in the winter of 1941–42 and at meetings in London the following July. Even so, it is important to recall that the landings were anything but assured. Operation Torch succeeded because of strategic surprise, effective—though hasty and flawed—joint military-naval planning, and Darlan’s check of French resistance. Astonishingly, Torch was planned, organized, and The French colonies in the area were dominated by the French, formally aligned with Germany but of mixed loyalties.Reports indicated that they might support the Allies. Operation Torch was the British-American invasion of French North Africa during the North African Campaign of the Second World War which started on 8 November 1942. Nov 14, 2014 - Images from Operation Torch. The principle lesson of Torch is how a joint operation was planned and conducted to master the challenges of a complex long distance projection of power.