The allelopathic effects of the organic extracts of its green and dried leaves on growth of different Gram- positive and Gram-negative antibiotic resistant bacteria, which become a major clinical and public health problem within the lifetime of most people living today. Assurance of the safety, quality, and efficacy of medicinal plants and herbal products has now become a key issue in industrialized and in developing countries. Crop farmers from Chemonke village, Kenya, had to seek alternative settlement elsewhere because they have lost their land to P. juliflora invasions, often resulting in conflict with established communities, respectively, said that life would be better without Prosopis. By the year 2020, [. Do you know this herb by any other name ? [22], The pods are rich in carbohydrates (46-52%); and the main soluble sugar present is sucrose. [36], Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC contains many alkaloids such as juliflorine, julifloricine and julifloridine, juliprosine, juliprosinine and juliflorinine are found to be responsible for the biological activity. P. juliflora provides monetary support to the rural community. It has been reported that the plant contains anti bacterial, antifungal, anticancer, antioxidant, antimicrobial activity. Aqueous extract recorded highly significant antifungal activity at 24% concentration. These are known to have effects on the germination and growth of other plant species. [23], In India and countries of its origin P. juliflora was called a "poor man’s tree" or a valuable tree. The genotoxic potential of the extract was also tested using cytokines is block in vitro micronucleus assay. 1 (3), 2013, 181, http://keys.lucidcentral.org/keys/v3/eafrinet/weeds/key/weeds/Media/Html/Prosopis_juliflora_%28Prosopis_or_Mesquite%29.htm#Synonyms BioNET-EAFRINET, Prosopisjuliflora, 2015, Stefan Andersson, Thesis -Spread of the introduced tree species Prosopisjuliflora (Sw.) DC in the Lake Baringo area, Kenya,2005901 83 UMEÅ, Prosopisjuliflora(Vilayati babul or kikar )Vilayati babul (Prosopisjuliflora) a silent botanical disaster, Gits4u.com, ISaadoun, L M A Challah, F M. Aldhuhouri, AA. The mulch is effective in reducing evapo transpiration. 1. by removing the whole plant deep root enough to destroy all the buds. 1-1, 2015, pp. The further toxicological studies at the dosage tested is warranted as the pooled alkaloids recorded several neurological disorders in test animals. The leaves are twice-compound (bipinnate) with mostly two, sometimes more pairs of pinnae, 6-8 cm long, 12-25 pairs of oblong leaflets per pinna, 6-16 mm long, 1.5-3.2 mm wide, dark bluish-green and have high tannin content. Loss of grass cover under canopies may also promote soil erosion. Trials in the USA have shown that up to 80% of the pods carbohydrates can be converted in the process.[37]. Therefore there is an absolute need for bioactivity guided fractionation and isolation of the active components from the plant extracts found to be effective. The results of the present investigation demonstrate that, P. juliflora leaf alkaloids are preferentially cytotoxic to human T-cell leukemia (Molt-4) cells in a dose and time dependent manner with the absence of genotoxicity. Charcoal improves the physical, biological and chemical properties of the soil by releasing and storing nutrients, increasing the bulk density, improving the overall porosity and creating favourable conditions formicro-biological activity. 5, 2014, pp. 3 AHMAD V, BASHA A, HAQUE W, 1978 New alkaloids from Prosopis juliflora. Paper 1694, M Sathiya, K Muthuchelian; Anti-tumor potential of total alkaloid extract of Prosopisjuliflora DC. [26], Invasion of woody perennials in grazing lands has been viewed both positively and negatively. The extract of leaves shows very high antimicrobial activity. Prosopis juliflora belongs to the family Fabaceae and is commonly known as mesquite. Medicinal Plants: A Review. [7], It is used for feed of livestock, shade, windbreak, charcoal, live fence, and firewood as well as house construction. These species are highly recognized for their properties as windbreakers, soil binders, and sand stabilizers, as well as their ability to grow in the poorest soils and to survive in areas where others trees cannot survive. 50-55. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.s.2015030101.18, Kwalter, Prosopis, an Alien among the Sacred Trees of South India Academic Dissertation, University of Helsinki, Viikki Tropical Resources Institute, 2011, ProsopisjulifloraFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, C.Y. The impact of P. Juliflora in the UAE has been studied by Essaet al., (2006) that showed a great depressive effect on the number, density and frequency of the associated species, particularly its invasion to native vegetation. Alkaloid extract of Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC was amended with all the chemical fungicides at 1.5 g L-1 and 1 g L-1. da Silva et al Antibacterial Activity of the Alkaloid-Enriched Extract from Prosopisjuliflora Pods and Its Influence on in VitroRuminal Digestion, International Journal ofMolecular Sciences 2013, 14(4), 8496-8516, Theddeus M. Kiswii, Ethel O. Monda, Paul O. Okemo, Christine Bii, Amos E. Alakonya, Efficacy of Selected Medicinal Plants from Eastern Kenya against Aspergillus flavus, Journal of Plant Sciences. It has a thick rough grey-green bark that becomes scaly with age. The tree is believed to have existed in the Vanni and Mannar regions for a long time. The flavonoid, patulitrin isolated from its flowers and fruits showed significant activity against lung carcinoma in vivo.[17]. Prosopis juliflora is a thorny shrub 3-5 m or tree growing up to 15 m height.