The methodological approach is based on the simple fact that an outbound flow for one country represents an inbound flow for the country visited. Cruise ships in the Baltic sea were one of the most frequently reported attractions for European tourists to Estonia (42 %), Finland (38 %) and Sweden (28 %). :!����x��\��F�K2�s���_�~�lj顣���B3C�/�~d9�x�Q�a��Ѐ0���9;o���8���Ν]��f20H.x&�l���\ �l� �r-',�c�y�Վ�{�B��n�g��9�R4?4��s" L4��rN��ˍD������G�H�9�`� ��XG@J2'�+z��g8��i�L��@�ـ��KΥh�7�u?� ���� Q��r��%��� �38���Hk�P�ČB`� ��� ']@��@ Until recently, the main source for European statistics on inbound tourism was statistics on arrivals and nights spent by non-residents at tourist accommodation establishments. For instance, the relative price (and distance) to reach Greece will motivate tourists to stay longer, while the proximity and accessibility (short ferry ride) of Estonia to its main generating market (Finland) will make short breaks of a few days the more likely way of visiting this Baltic country. Collection of annual data on trips of EU residents. In Croatia, the number of trips of EU visitors in the peak month was 31 times higher than the lowest month, while this ratio was 22 to one for Cyprus and 18 to one for Greece. Only in Estonia and Finland, was waterway the dominant means of transport for inbound visitors (70 % and 38 % of all intra-EU trips respectively) most likely because of the popular ferry connection between Tallinn and Helsinki. Aeroplanes and cars were equally used by Europeans for their trips to other EU countries in 2018. �"� In Bulgaria the share of these two months was 45 % while in Greece, more than two out of three inbound trips were made during the summer season, but were more evenly spread throughout the four months, June to September (see Figure 6). %%EOF Seaside attracted European tourists for more that three out of four of their holiday trips to Croatia (88 %), Bulgaria (85 %), Greece (80 %), Cyprus (79 %) and Malta (77 %). Bus (6 %), train (4 %) and transport using waterways (3 %) were far less significant. This article is part of the Eurostat online publication Tourism trips of Europeans, providing recent statistics on tourism demand in the European Union (EU) and EFTA countries. In 2018, 79 % of all inbound trips in the EU made by residents from other EU countries had a tourist accommodation establishment as the only or main means of accommodation, mainly hotels or similar establishments (55 %) . Until recently, the main source for European statistics on inbound tourism was statistics on arrivals and nights spent by non-residents at tourist accommodation establishments . h�b```"Of�#� ���� Europeans reported the mountains as one of the attractions for 74 % of their holiday trips to Austria and for 44 % of their trips to Slovakia. x��{ytU��������Y�;�M� !,I0��@'aM�$@(HE�b@� The share of waterway was particularly high also for intra-EU trips to Sweden. endstream endobj 126 0 obj <>stream Three types of tourism flows can be distinguished: domestic tourism (persons making tourism trips within their country of residence), outbound tourism and inbound tourism. Railway was relatively significant for visitors to Belgium (12 % of intra-EU inbound trips) and Czechia (10 %) while buses were relatively significant (above 13 %) for intra-EU trips to Lithuania, Czechia and Latvia. This page has been accessed 40,387 times. For 43 % of those trips, air transport was the main means of transport (see Table 1), closely followed by (rented or private) motor vehicles (42 %). Own holiday homes accounted for 5 % and accommodation provided for free by friends or relatives for 14 % (see Figure 4). From the diagram it can be seen that in‐migration in turn determines the … According to the existing literature, tourism flows can be explained by means of demand function specification, although modelling tourism demand is not a straightforward task. The EU is a major tourist destination, with four Member States (France, Spain, Italy and Germany) among the world’s top ten destinations for holidaymakers, according to UNWTO[1] data. Alan A. Lew, Long Tail Tourism: New Geographies For Marketing Niche Tourism Products, Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 10.1080/10548400802508515, 25, 3-4, (409-419), (2008). h��T�Kg�?�2�D6^��R��K.�B�31q²��/�K�&���wKD -�����Q:�%E*�p(RI����2:�--�2��П߽wgm7��z��>��}���yu��A��C��Ӆ�KO7b� ���8�9�K8]xTJ��n�x����/��%��O����_��}r�9YA~�#+���d���O��Fj���=2�K�wHu�Tw��6���T��-R����o�'�̓;��s믧������+�j+�ss7���Xؿ^{<=�S�{Z���u0>�[�n�����}z[���f+suS)����*���zh��X�M�~�kK���g�հ�8�V������-_כˏ��]��e���>�cK�~����\o)��+K��z\�n*��j*��GjS���T�Zc~�D~��C#��H�4ė��lc�֞��8���ta�M5�_k�h��l�Pt�]E��G�k͡+��, h�bbd``b`>$KA�8�`�Z� �N �o$v33012pY�����? 136 0 obj <>stream Existing information on outbound trips made by residents of the EU to estimate inbound tourism flows within the EU has been re-used for this article. These three destinations have relatively long stays of 8 or 9 nights on average and a prevalence of air travel to reach the country, 76 % of trips or more (see Table 1). Inbound visitors coming from other EU Member States spent on average EUR 725 (see Figure 2), ranging from EUR 237 in Slovakia (a country with many short trips – see also Figure 1 – by tourists from neighbouring countries) to EUR 1 154 in Greece, followed by Cyprus (EUR 1 152) and Spain (EUR 1 016). Czechia and Austria were the only EU destinations to which tourists from other EU countries made more trips during a winter month (December and February respectively) than in any other month of the year (see Figure 6). the higher the in‐migration and the higher the tourism flows.