Recall that critical thinking is an active mode of thinking. The word logic comes from the Ancient Greek logike, referring to the science or art of reasoning. Assessing their accuracy This course will introduce you to critical thinking, informal logic, and a small amount of formal logic. 3. Time is a valuable resource for most managers, and an employee able to make correct decisions without supervision will save both that manager and the whole company much valuable time. Critical thinkers have faith in the power of logic and sound reasoning. This solution explains how assumptions relate to the process of critical thinking. o Do these assumptions make sense? Using logic, a person evaluates arguments and strives to distinguish between good and bad reasoning, or between truth and falsehood. The person should have the skills for the objective study of problems so that he can proceed further rationally to arrive at a conclusion. Critical thinking is the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action. I’m going to answer from the Paulian theory because people have different definitions of critical thinking and I personally value this theory the most. What are the essential components of a logical argument? o One or more reasons (premises) Like Logic, Critical Thinking traces its historical roots in analytic Philosophy as in the Greek Socratic tradition. o Do these assumptions fit reality as we understand and live it? Socratic method is asking a series of incisive questions to determine whether a supposed knowledge could rationally be justified, defended, and accepted with clarity and logical consistency. However, the facts are very important to use logical reasoning skills by a person at any place. Experts in Critical Thinking agree that the necessary elements involved in the ability to think critically include the knowledge of the methods of logical inquiry and some skills in applying those methods. Exact logical thinking requires reasoning ability by an individual so that an exact solution arrives. A logical argument is a claim, used to persuade that something is (or not) true or should (or not) be done. Its purpose is to provide you with the basic tools of analytical reasoning, which will give you a distinctive edge in a wide variety of careers and courses of study. We determine if their logic is sound or slightly flawed. Indeed, Logic forms the heart of Critical Thinking. Critical thinking is a process of evaluation which uses logic to separate truth from falsehood, reasonable from unreasonable beliefs. It rests on the notion some ideas are obvious, which make us comfortable with present beliefs & shut out alternatives. Logic’s Relationship to Critical Thinking. Critical thinking skills are a valuable asset for an employee, as employers typically appreciate candidates who can correctly assess a situation and come up with a logical resolution. We ask if messages are well-supported. In other words, we act on the messages before we take action based on them. Critical thinkers understand that it is in everyone’s best interest to encourage and develop sound logic. o Issue Then, the two formal fallacies are identified and explained. If you want to better evaluate the various claims, ideas, and arguments you encounter, you need a better understanding of basic logic and the process of critical thinking. Promote Your Skills in Your Job Search. Add Relevant Skills to Your Resume: Demonstrate critical thinking by using keywords related to your skills in your resume. Instead of just receiving messages and accepting them as is, we consider what they are saying. Under what conditions do they seem false? Those who seek to inculcate "critical thinking skills" give all authority to the questioner. 2. If critical thinking is a key phrase in the job listings you are … o Under what conditions do these assumptions seem to hold true? Highlight Skills in Your Cover Letter: Mention some of these skills in your cover letter, and include an example of a time when you demonstrated them at work. o One or more conclusions Logic is the science of how to evaluate arguments and reasoning. Hence, to practice Critical Thinking is to apply some principles of Logic. It contains three basic elements: In many ways, both Logic and Critical Thinking use this Socratic method. It also explains the essential components of a logical argument, as well the the meaning of validity, truth, and soundness as they relate to the area of logical syllogisms. Logic is one of the standards by which we measure the quality of thinking. More importantly, critical thinkers value the power of letting others draw their own conclusions. The Difference Between Critical Thinking and Logic. For more information on this site about assumptions see: Stories from Email Posting To Test Your Critical Thinking: Assumptions SEE ATTACHED RESPONSE. © BrainMass Inc. October 1, 2020, 7:37 pm ad1c9bdddf, Nature of Logic and Perception: perceptual blocks, critical thinking process, Critical Thinking, Logical Argument and Fallacies. Thus, assumptions are central to Critical Thinking and are often implied (not conscious of them) and are not always bad. Critical thinking also requires argumentative skills that go beyond logic. In a political debate, for example, two opponents may both have perfectly logical arguments but differing relative values as starting points — leading to vastly different conclusions. The one with the questions has all the authority -- a totally subjective authority. He examines, probes, questions, and so forth, before he settles upon "whatever works for him."